The common bedbug is a small, flattened, pale brown to mahogany colored insect that feeds on the blood of humans and other warm blooded animals. They are nocturnal in habit and normally feed on their host while the host is sleeping. During the day bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices behind floor molding, carpeting, objects on the walls, and within the walls. The person that is bitten seldom notices the bite as it occurs, so infestation may exist for a long time before it is discovered. The current rise in the incidence of bedbugs may be attributed to various factors, including human immigration, increased world travel, and a decline in the use of insecticides on the interior of homes. Bedbugs depend on humans to carry and disperse them. Bedbugs are transported in furniture, clothing, luggage, and other materials that are moved from place to place.
Bedbugs deposit eggs in the same crevices and holes they may hide in, with the eggs glued to the surface by the female. She can lay about 2-5 eggs each day and up to 200-500 in her lifetime. Eggs hatch within a week, and the nymphs molt 5 times before reaching the adult stage, taking a blood meal with each nymph stage. Under ideal conditions the entire life cycle from egg to adult may take less than 1 month, and large populations can build up in a very short time. The average life span of an adult bed bug is about 6-7 months, and they feed periodically during this time. An adult bedbug can survive for more than 1 year without feeding on blood, and thus attempting to starve them by leaving a room vacant is not an option in their control.
Biology, Behavior & Characteristics
What this means to you:
>Bedbugs easily avoid detection causing populations to grow. >Bedbugs prefer tight spaces. >They will hide in every crack & crevice available within a room or wall void. >Egg to adult development ranges from 5-8 weeks to 8 months. >Bedbugs can live beyond traditional service programs. >Lifespan = 6 months to 1 & 1/2 years. >They can go into a dormant stage & reappear several months later. >Females lay eggs in batches of 10-50 & can produce 200-500 during their lifespan. >Uncontrolled populations can grow very rapidly. >Cements eggs in cracks, crevices & wall voids. >Enhances survival rate of eggs by avoiding commonly treated areas. >Can go without feeding for 80-140 days (one study showed 550 days). >False sense of security due to lack of bites. >Bedbugs travel very well within wall voids. >Room to room movement is very likely. Hiding in wall voids makes control very difficult. >Rodents, bats, birds (pests) + Pets (dogs & cats) can act as hosts. >These hosts can move an infestation around a structure.
If you suspect a bedbug infestation is present in your home or business do the following:
Call us immediately.
Do not remove any items from any room.
Don’t allow anyone to come in and stay using the infested room(s).
Our trained service professionals will guide you through the rest of the process.